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11 Birds That Represent Freedom

Written By Richie Alston


Different birds mean different things to different people. So many birds can represent freedom. But which birds are universally understood to represent freedom in life?

Here are our 11 picks for birds that mean freedom. Do you agree? And which is your favorite? Make sure you let us know!

1) Bald Eagle

Location: North America

Habitat: Lakes, Rivers, Marshes

Rarity: Common

Latin: Haliaeetus leucocephalus

The Bald Eagle is a large bird of prey with a body length of 70-102 centimeters (28-40 inches) and an impressive wingspan ranging from 1.8 to 2.3 meters (5.9 to 7.5 feet). Adults have a distinctive white head and tail contrasting with a dark brown body and wings.

Their heavy beak is large and hooked, perfect for tearing flesh. Juveniles are mottled brown and white and only achieve the full adult plumage after about five years.

Symbolism of Freedom: The Bald Eagle is the national bird and symbol of the United States, representing strength, long life, and freedom. Residing at the top of the food chain, with no natural enemies, this majestic bird embodies the essence of liberty and independence.

2) Albatross

Location: Worldwide

Habitat: Open Ocean

Rarity: Varies

Latin: Diomedeidae family

Albatrosses are among the largest flying birds, with the Wandering Albatross having the longest wingspan of any living bird, typically ranging from 2.51 to 3.5 meters (8.2 to 11.5 feet).

They are predominantly white with varying amounts of black on the wings and back. They have large heads and long, strong, narrow wings designed for gliding across the oceans with minimal effort.

Symbolism of Freedom: Albatrosses embody freedom with their ability to glide over the oceans for years at a time. They are a symbol of the untamed sea, representing travel, navigation, and the longing for exploration and adventure.

3) Peregrine Falcon

Location: Worldwide

Habitat: Near Water

Rarity: Common

Latin: Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcons are medium-sized birds of prey, with a blue-grey back, barred white underparts, and a black head with distinctive ‘moustache’ markings. They have long, pointed wings and a relatively short tail.

Peregrine Falcons are known for their speed, reaching over 320 km/h (200 mph) during their characteristic hunting stoop (high-speed dive), making them the fastest birds in the world.

Symbolism of Freedom: Their incredible speed and aerial agility, along with their global distribution, make the Peregrine Falcon a symbol of freedom and mental agility.

4) White Stork

Location: Worldwide

Habitat: Wetlands, Farmlands, Grasslands

Rarity: Uncommon

Latin: Ciconia ciconia

White Storks are large birds, standing about 100-125 centimeters (39-49 inches) tall with a wingspan of 155-215 centimeters (61-85 inches).

They have long necks, long legs, and straight, pointed bills. Adults are mainly white with black on the bird’s wings. The skin around their eyes is red, as are their long legs.

Symbolism of Freedom: Known for their migratory patterns, they represent the changing seasons and the idea of return, bringing with them notions of rebirth, new beginnings, and freedom of movement.

5) Whooping Crane

Location: North America

Habitat: Wetlands, Marshes

Rarity: Very Rare

Latin: Grus americana

The Whooping Crane is the tallest North American bird, standing at 1.5 meters (5 feet). It is an impressive sight with its pure white feathers, black wingtips, and a striking red and black facial pattern. These cranes have long, slender bodies and long legs and necks.

Symbolism of Freedom: With their extensive migrations and the conservation efforts that have brought them back from the brink of extinction, Whooping Cranes symbolize the survival of the wild and the freedom inherent in open spaces and nature’s expanses.

6) Golden Eagle

Location: Northern Hemisphere

Habitat: Mountains, Moorlands

Rarity: Uncommon

Latin: Aquila chrysaetos

Golden Eagles are majestic birds with broad wings and long tails that help them soar effortlessly. They have dark brown plumage with lighter golden-brown plumage on their heads and necks.

These birds of prey are large, with a body length of 66-102 centimeters (26-40 inches) and a wingspan ranging from 1.8 to 2.34 meters (5.9 to 7.7 feet).

Symbolism of Freedom: As one of the most widespread birds of prey, the Golden Eagle symbolizes the grandeur and freedom of birds that soar high above the mountains and plains.

7) Sandhill Crane

Location: North America, Siberia

Habitat: Wetlands, Grasslands

Rarity: Common

Latin: Antigone canadensis

Sandhill Cranes are large birds with a grayish plumage, which often appears rust-colored due to preening with mud. They are noted for their red foreheads, white cheeks, and long, dark, pointed bills.

They are among the oldest living birds, standing up to 1.2 meters (4 feet) tall with a wingspan of 1.65 to 2.29 meters (5.4 to 7.5 feet).

Symbolism of Freedom: Their long-distance migrations and the height at which they fly during these trips represent endurance, freedom, and the interconnectedness of different places and ecosystems.

8) Swallow

Location: Worldwide

Habitat: Open and Semi-Open Areas

Rarity: Common

Latin: Hirundo rustica and others

Swallows are small birds with dark, glossy-blue backs, red throats, pale underparts, and long, distinctive forked tails. They are agile fliers, catching insects on the wing with their wide and open mouths.

Symbolism of Freedom: Swallows are migratory and known for their free-spirited flight patterns. They symbolize hope, the coming of spring, and thus the freedom of change and new beginnings.

9) Wandering Albatross

Location: Southern Oceans

Habitat: Open Ocean

Rarity: Rare

Latin: Diomedea exulans

The Wandering Albatross has predominantly white plumage with black-edged wings. It has the largest wingspan of any bird, which can reach up to 3.5 meters (11.5 feet). These birds have hooked bills and large, webbed feet.

Symbolism of Freedom: The vast distances they travel and their lives spent soaring over the open ocean make the Wandering Albatross an emblem of freedom, solitude, and navigating the journey of life.

10) Osprey

Location: Worldwide

Habitat: Near Water

Rarity: Common

Latin: Pandion haliaetus

Ospreys have brown upperparts and predominantly greyish-white underparts with a distinctive black eyestripe that extends down the side of their face. Their wings are long, narrow, and angled, giving them a very characteristic shape.

They have a wingspan of 1.5 to 1.8 meters (4.9 to 5.9 feet).

Symbolism of Freedom: The Osprey’s widespread presence and its ability to dive from the air into water to catch fish symbolizes versatility and the freedom to explore different realms, such as air and water.

11) Common Swift

Location: Worldwide

Habitat: Open Skies, Urban Areas

Rarity: Common

Latin: Apus apus

The Common Swift has a short, forked tail and long, swept-back wings that resemble a boomerang or a scythe. Its body is dark brown, but in flight against the sky, it appears black. The throat is pale in contrast to the darker body.

Symbolism of Freedom: The life of a Common Swift is almost entirely airborne. They are symbols of ultimate freedom, spending months in non-stop flight, a metaphor for boundlessness and unfettered existence.

Which Mean Freedom to You?

Have we missed a bird that means freedom to you from our list? Then make sure you let us and every Wildlife Welcome reader know by commenting below:

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